Sri Gunawan & Nuri Herachwati
Airlangga University, INDONESIA
EURASIA J. Math., Sci Tech. Ed 2016;12(4):1101–1113


In the information technology advance era with constantly expanded knowledge and the requirements of the general public for school education, a lot of different education ideas are introduced in the education reforms, such as school-based characteristic curriculum, teachers’ professional development, professional learning community, learning community, and flip education. Teachers, as knowledge disseminators, therefore are encountering the problem of enhancing the competitiveness. Constant learning has become an important part of teachers pursuing excellence and promoting teacher efficacy in the career. They have to constantly absorb new knowledge to conform to modern demands for professionalized teachers.


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